[鬼話連篇] boom the key to supersonic

[複製網址]
  Is killing the boom the key to supersonic air travel?
  By Tim Bowler
  Business reporter, BBC News
  20 July 2018
  Share this with Facebook Share this with Messenger Share this with Twitter Share this with Email Share
  Related TopicsFarnborough Airshow
  Image copyrightGETTY IMAGES
  Image caption
  Ever since Concorde's retirement many have dreamed of reintroducing supersonic travel
  There have been proposals to return to faster-than-sound commercial flight ever since Concorde retired 15 years ago. But now those plans look closer to being realised.
      Booking hk hotel booking and accomodations have never been easy. Online booking available at, with the best rates guaranteed. Suitable for families and business travelers at all budgets. Make your reservation now!

  Three US aerospace firms - Boom Supersonic, Aerion Supersonic and Spike Aerospace - are racing to be the first to slash travel times across the globe, with passenger jets that can travel faster than Mach 1 - the speed of sound (761mph or 1,225km/h at sea level).
  All plan to have their aircraft in regular service by 2025.
  Technologically, supersonic flight is not complex to achieve. The challenge is offering a service that passengers can afford, is less polluting, and crucially, that eliminates Concorde's window-rattling sonic booms.
  The huge thunder-clap-like noise created when an aircraft breaks through the sound barrier can even cause damage to structures.
  Check out all our coverage of Farnborough 2018
  "What we're seeing now is a renaissance in entrepreneurship in aerospace," says Blake Scholl, the chief executive and founder of Boom Supersonic, which is planning to build a delta-winged airliner carrying 55 passengers at speeds up to Mach 2.2 (1,451mph; 2,335km/h).
  "Concorde was really ahead of its time. It was a massive technological achievement but it was incredibly fuel-inefficient and for that reason was very expensive to operate," he says.
  Boom no more?
  The attitude of aviation regulators will be key in determining whether we do see a return to supersonic flight.
  Earlier this year, Lockheed Martin won a $248m (£191m) contract from US space agency Nasa to build a low-boom flight demonstration aircraft. Known as the X-59 QueSST [quiet supersonic technology], it will fly at Mach 1.42 (940mph) at 55,000ft, and generate a sound about as loud as a car door closing, Nasa says.
  Image copyrightNASA
  Image caption
  A high-speed aeroplane creates shock waves through the air that compress the faster it goes
  The key to eliminating the sonic boom is in the design of an airframe. In a conventional supersonic jet, the shockwaves coalesce as they expand away from the nose and tail - leading to two distinct sonic booms.
  The trick is to shape the aircraft in such a way that the shockwaves remain separate as they travel away from the aircraft. This means they reach the ground still separated, generating a quick series of soft thumps.
  The aircraft should be completed by the end of 2021, and in mid-2022 Nasa will start flying it over various US cities to collect data about how people on the ground respond to the flights.
      a search reputation management expert based in Hong Kong with focus of services such as SEO, SEM, ZMOT and UMOT.

  Image copyrightNASA/LOCKHEED MARTIN
  Image caption
  Nasa's planned Low Boom Flight Demonstration aircraft
  From 2025 onwards, this will then be used by the US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) and the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) in drawing up new rules regarding supersonic flight over land.
  Current regulations mean civil aircraft can only go supersonic over water.
  "You've got to be able to fly without a sonic boom disturbing people on the ground," says Vik Kachoria, chief executive of Spike Aerospace, whose S-512 business jet is designed to fly 12-18 passengers at Mach 1.6.
  Spike says its "quiet supersonic flight technology" means it will be able to fly at supersonic speeds across land without disturbing people unduly.
  Image copyrightSpIKE AEROSpACE
  Image caption
  Spike claims its S-512 jet can go supersonic over land without a noticeable sonic boom
  Spike will not yet reveal how it will do this, but it has chosen an airframe design with wings swept back at a 55 degree angle.
  Affordable supersonic?
  So if the boom is being dealt with, what about the costs?
  A flight on Concorde could cost four times a first-class fare. But all three firms say they aim to make supersonic travel no more expensive than today's business class fares.
  The flight time from Shanghai to Los Angeles - currently about 12 hours - would shrink to a little over six hours.
  "Instead of a $20,000 round-trip across the Atlantic it's more like $5,000," says Mr Scholl. "That is still expensive relative to economy - but if you can afford to fly front-cabin you can afford to get there in half the time."
  Image copyrightALAMY
  Image caption
  Boom's planned airliner will have 55 seats
  Considering four billion passengers flew in 2017, of which 12% (480 million) were in business class, that's a big potential market.
  Boom is currently building a supersonic single-seater XB-1 flight test demonstrator which is due to fly next year.
  Mr Scholl insists that supersonic travel does not need much new technology.
  "You can do it with advanced technology that's been developed for other aircraft - carbon-fibre composites, turbofan engines, software-optimised aerodynamics."
  Concorde used relatively inefficient turbojets, whereas all the proposed supersonic successors will use turbofans that are modifications of engines already in commercial use.
  Boom hopes its commercial aircraft will enter service in the mid-2020s. So far two airlines have signed up - Richard Branson's Virgin Group has ordered 10; Japan Airlines, has ordered 20.
     develops 3D traffic solution as a people counting system of retail stores in Hong Kong and offers flexible metrics to apply on collected data like multi-zone counting and height filtering for accurate analytics.



您需要登錄後才可以回文 登錄 | 註冊

本版透可值規則

快速回覆 返回頂部 返回列表